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  • Discipline – an organisation of knowledge
    • Contains particular areas – eg: anatomy, immunology, surgery, pathology, etc
    • 2 main divisions:
      • Internal medicine - Specialist physicians
      • Surgery - specialist surgeons
  • Anatomy
    • Key discipline since the 1600s
    • Made up of:
      • Gross anatomy
      • Neuroanatomy (brain)
      • Histology (study of tissues)
      • Embryology (embryo and human development)
      • Cytology (cells)
  • Pathology
    • Study of disease
      • Changing of cells and tissues
    • Rudolf Virchow (1820-1902)
      • Created subdivisions: anatomical pathology and immunopathology
  • Microbiology
    • Microbial growth
  • Epidemiology
    • Study of disease pattern in society
    • Disease prevention and control
    • Eg: The Broad Street Pump – a cholera outbreak
  • Pharmacology
    • Science of drugs
      • What drugs do to the body – pharmacodynamics
      • What the body does to drugs – pharmacokinetics
  • Psychiatry
    • Study of mental disorder
  • Your career in medicine is continually changing and developing