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  1. pragma section-numbers 1

Anatomy Video - Male Reproductive:

* Testis


Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig01.png

                           NB:
                               * body and tail not present on this model
                               + from tail of epididymis to inguinal ring





* Path of the Ductus Deferens


                            Pathway:
                                    Deep inguinal ring ? over urinary  
                                    bladder Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig02.png   past seminal vesicle Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig03.png  into 
                                    prostate  Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig04.png   fuses with duct of seminal 
                                    vesicle (ejaculatory duct) Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig05.png  opens into 
                                    prostatic urethra Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig06.png  membranous 
                                    urethra Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig07.png   penile urethra (Cowper's 
                                     gland also opens here)



Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig08.png








* Penis


Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig09.png

                         NB:
                                * attachments to bony pelvis and 
                                membranous material
                                + glans of penis = distil expansion of 
                                spongy urethra




* Testis (Wet Specimen)


||<:^><
><
>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig10.png ||<^><
><
>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig11.png ||<^><
><
>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig12.png || + embryological remnants - can become rotated, causing stalk torsion and gangrene


||<^> Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig13.png ||<^> Spermatic cord<
><
> * Arterial supply of testis<
> * Pampinoform plexus (drain venous blood) - can become varicose ('varicocele')<
> * Ductus deferens (thick walled)<
><
>|| ||||<^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig14.png ||

?

* Bladder, Prostate, Ductus Deferens (Wet Specimen; Posterior)


 Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig15.png 


?

* Penis (Wet Specimen)


||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig16.png ||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig17.png ||<:>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig18.png ||


Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig19.png





?

Anatomy Video - Female Reproductive:

Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig20.png


||<^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig21.png ||<^><
><
><
>NB:<
> * All reproductive organs within true pelvis<
> * External genitalia within the perineum (between thighs)|| Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig22.png

* Ovary and Uterine Tube
* On lateral pelvic wall, within ovarian fossa
* Boundaries:
 * External iliac vein
 * Ureter 
* Relation:
 * Obturator nerve
 * Internal obturator a and v




* Uterus, Cervix and Vagina


Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig23.png Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig24.png


* All covered by sheet of peritoneum (broad ligament) which runs from top of urinary bladder, over the uterus and anterior to the rectum:


||<^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig25.png ||<^><
><
> * Mesometrium where broad ligament covers the uterus<
><
> * Mesosalpynx where broad ligament covers the fallopian tubes<
><
> * Mesovarian where broad ligament covers the ovaries||








Other Ligaments:

||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig26.png ||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig27.png ||

Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig28.png


* External Genitalia


Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig29.png








Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig30.png


Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig31.png






Anatomy Video - Pelvis












* Bony Pelvis


Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig32.png Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig33.png



||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig34.png ||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig35.png ||<:>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig36.png ||



||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig37.png ||<^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig38.png ||





||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig39.png ||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig40.png ||


* Gander Differences


||<:^>Male Pelvis:<
>
<
>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig41.png ||<:^>Female Pelvis:<
><
>
Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig42.png || ||<^><
>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig43.png ||<^><
>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig44.png ||








* Ligaments of the Pelvis


||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig45.png ||<^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig46.png || +support weight of body on LV5 (prevent downward displacement of pelvis)

||<^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig47.png ||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig48.png || * prevent rotation of the pelvis .


* Birth Canal and Fetal Head  (fetal head rotates, so widest portion corresponds with widest pelvic diameter)


||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig49.png <
>pelvic inlet<
>transverse diameter widest||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig50.png <
>mid pelvic cavity<
>oblique diameter widest||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig51.png <
>pelvic outlet<
>anteroposterior diameter widest|| ||<:^><
><
><
><
><
><
>|| || ||

||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig52.png ||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig53.png ||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig54.png ||


* Musculature of the Pelvis


||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig55.png ||<^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig56.png ||



||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig57.png ||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig58.png ||







+prone to tears in parturition

||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig59.png ||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig60.png ||





||<:^>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig61.png ||<:>Template:Attachment:Anatomy Videos fig62.png ||

* filled with fat - liquid at body temp. Allows dilation of anorectal canal during defecation. May be site of infection. Below levator ani m.

++ area between urogenital diaphragm and pelvic diaphragm

  1. supply external genitalia